World Foreign Direct Investment 1970-2023

Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • World foreign direct investment for 2020 was $1,256.91B, a 16.56% decline from 2019.
  • World foreign direct investment for 2019 was $1,506.38B, a 60.9% increase from 2018.
  • World foreign direct investment for 2018 was $936.22B, a 57.43% decline from 2017.
  • World foreign direct investment for 2017 was $2,199.48B, a 19.55% decline from 2016.
Data Source: World Bank

MLA Citation:
Similar Country Ranking
Country Name Inflows, US $
World $1,256.91B
East Asia & Pacific $589.67B
OECD members $488.97B
European Union $320.70B
North America $238.33B
Latin America & Caribbean $144.04B
Euro Area $95.13B
South Asia $68.96B
Sub-Saharan Africa $29.09B
World Foreign Direct Investment - Historical Data
Year Inflows, US $ % of GDP
2020 $1,256.91B 1.44%
2019 $1,506.38B 1.68%
2018 $936.22B 1.05%
2017 $2,199.48B 2.67%
2016 $2,733.83B 3.53%
2015 $2,721.47B 3.55%
2014 $1,933.42B 2.38%
2013 $2,169.48B 2.67%
2012 $2,082.64B 2.69%
2011 $2,373.45B 3.16%
2010 $1,927.82B 2.84%
2009 $1,447.27B 2.32%
2008 $2,475.33B 3.79%
2007 $3,133.82B 5.33%
2006 $2,204.02B 4.25%
2005 $1,562.91B 3.28%
2004 $1,010.66B 2.23%
2003 $737.22B 1.86%
2002 $751.69B 2.14%
2001 $895.50B 2.66%
2000 $1,569.11B 4.61%
1999 $1,203.49B 3.66%
1998 $795.66B 2.49%
1997 $534.15B 1.68%
1996 $417.90B 1.32%
1995 $361.95B 1.17%
1994 $278.76B 1.00%
1993 $233.73B 0.91%
1992 $186.26B 0.74%
1991 $174.94B 0.77%
1990 $239.42B 1.09%
1989 $200.16B 1.04%
1988 $165.90B 0.90%
1987 $139.52B 0.85%
1986 $81.77B 0.57%
1985 $44.96B 0.36%
1984 $59.79B 0.51%
1983 $53.07B 0.48%
1982 $64.85B 0.60%
1981 $69.60B 0.64%
1980 $53.41B 0.52%
1979 $41.95B 0.45%
1978 $33.74B 0.43%
1977 $27.09B 0.41%
1976 $20.58B 0.34%
1975 $25.84B 0.49%
1974 $24.13B 0.50%
1973 $20.10B 0.48%
1972 $14.77B 0.42%
1971 $14.02B 0.47%
1970 $12.36B 0.48%