OECD members Trade to GDP Ratio 1970-2023

Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.
  • OECD members trade to gdp ratio for 2020 was 51.82%, a 4.4% decline from 2019.
  • OECD members trade to gdp ratio for 2019 was 56.22%, a 0.72% decline from 2018.
  • OECD members trade to gdp ratio for 2018 was 56.94%, a 1.32% increase from 2017.
  • OECD members trade to gdp ratio for 2017 was 55.62%, a 1.93% increase from 2016.
Data Source: World Bank

MLA Citation:
Similar Country Ranking
Country Name Trade (% of GDP)
European Union 85.60%
Euro Area 82.90%
World 52.10%
OECD members 51.82%
Sub-Saharan Africa 50.03%
East Asia & Pacific 49.77%
Latin America & Caribbean 46.66%
South Asia 36.10%
North America 26.65%
OECD members Trade to GDP Ratio - Historical Data
Year Trade (% of GDP) Annual Change
2020 51.82% -4.40%
2019 56.22% -0.72%
2018 56.94% 1.32%
2017 55.62% 1.93%
2016 53.69% -1.14%
2015 54.83% -1.00%
2014 55.83% 0.15%
2013 55.68% -0.41%
2012 56.10% 0.43%
2011 55.67% 3.85%
2010 51.82% 4.60%
2009 47.22% -6.97%
2008 54.19% 2.20%
2007 51.99% 1.13%
2006 50.86% 2.76%
2005 48.10% 1.92%
2004 46.18% 2.29%
2003 43.89% -0.25%
2002 44.14% -1.38%
2001 45.52% -1.21%
2000 46.73% 3.95%
1999 42.77% 0.13%
1998 42.64% 0.35%
1997 42.30% 2.06%
1996 40.23% 0.84%
1995 39.40% 2.52%
1994 36.88% 1.76%
1993 35.12% -0.24%
1992 35.36% -0.04%
1991 35.41% -0.47%
1990 35.88% -0.07%
1989 35.95% 1.04%
1988 34.91% 0.79%
1987 34.12% 0.06%
1986 34.06% -2.54%
1985 36.60% -0.44%
1984 37.04% 1.90%
1983 35.14% -0.55%
1982 35.69% -1.18%
1981 36.87% 0.40%
1980 36.47% 3.08%
1979 33.39% 1.99%
1978 31.40% -0.75%
1977 32.15% 0.17%
1976 31.98% 1.18%
1975 30.80% -2.24%
1974 33.04% 5.24%
1973 27.80% 2.46%
1972 25.34% 0.08%
1971 25.26% 0.02%
1970 25.23% 0.02%