U.S. Trade to GDP Ratio 1970-2020

Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2018 was 27.50%, a 0.35% increase from 2017.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2017 was 27.14%, a 0.63% increase from 2016.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2016 was 26.51%, a 1.22% decline from 2015.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2015 was 27.74%, a 2.23% decline from 2014.
Data Source: World Bank

MLA Citation:
Similar Country Ranking
Country Name Trade (% of GDP)
Luxembourg 387.10%
Hong Kong 376.93%
Singapore 326.94%
Malta 268.77%
Ireland 211.51%
Slovak Republic 190.42%
Seychelles 182.35%
Hungary 165.50%
Belgium 165.42%
Slovenia 160.81%
UAE 159.73%
Netherlands 157.65%
Bahrain 151.40%
Czech Republic 150.54%
Lithuania 149.30%
Cyprus 145.34%
Estonia 145.00%
Palau 123.30%
Latvia 123.19%
Switzerland 120.03%
St. Kitts and Nevis 116.66%
Macao 116.00%
Northern Mariana Islands 108.69%
Austria 107.79%
Poland 107.48%
Puerto Rico 106.00%
Denmark 105.24%
Oman 102.78%
Croatia 101.85%
Kuwait 100.49%
Brunei 93.90%
Iceland 92.02%
Panama 89.39%
Sweden 89.13%
Germany 88.67%
Qatar 87.99%
Portugal 87.00%
Greenland 85.85%
Barbados 80.99%
South Korea 78.66%
Finland 78.19%
Bahamas 77.35%
Guam 73.36%
Greece 72.52%
Norway 71.07%
Spain 67.52%
Saudi Arabia 66.57%
Canada 66.11%
France 64.48%
United Kingdom 62.62%
Italy 60.51%
Israel 58.46%
Chile 57.35%
New Zealand 55.94%
Australia 43.19%
Uruguay 39.99%
Japan 36.82%
Argentina 30.70%
United States 27.50%
U.S. Trade to GDP Ratio - Historical Data
Year Trade (% of GDP) Annual Change
2018 27.50% 0.35%
2017 27.14% 0.63%
2016 26.51% -1.22%
2015 27.74% -2.23%
2014 29.97% -0.04%
2013 30.01% -0.56%
2012 30.57% -0.22%
2011 30.79% 2.73%
2010 28.06% 3.42%
2009 24.64% -5.25%
2008 29.89% 1.93%
2007 27.96% 1.06%
2006 26.90% 1.34%
2005 25.56% 1.20%
2004 24.35% 1.88%
2003 22.48% 0.32%
2002 22.15% -0.69%
2001 22.84% -2.20%
2000 25.04% 1.77%
1999 23.27% 0.45%
1998 22.83% -0.60%
1997 23.43% 0.74%
1996 22.69% 0.23%
1995 22.45% 1.40%
1994 21.06% 1.01%
1993 20.04% 0.09%
1992 19.95% 0.16%
1991 19.79% -0.03%
1990 19.82% 0.40%
1989 19.42% 0.34%
1988 19.07% 1.10%
1987 17.97% 1.08%
1986 16.90% 0.29%
1985 16.60% -0.92%
1984 17.52% 0.86%
1983 16.67% -0.87%
1982 17.54% -1.89%
1981 19.43% -0.68%
1980 20.11% 1.73%
1979 18.38% 1.40%
1978 16.97% 0.55%
1977 16.42% 0.37%
1976 16.05% 0.53%
1975 15.52% -0.93%
1974 16.45% 3.37%
1973 13.08% 1.74%
1972 11.34% 0.58%
1971 10.76% 0.00%
1970 10.76% 0.00%