U.S. Trade to GDP Ratio 1970-2021

Trade is the sum of exports and imports of goods and services measured as a share of gross domestic product.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2019 was 26.31%, a 1.18% decline from 2018.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2018 was 27.49%, a 0.35% increase from 2017.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2017 was 27.14%, a 0.65% increase from 2016.
  • U.S. trade to gdp ratio for 2016 was 26.50%, a 1.24% decline from 2015.
Data Source: World Bank

MLA Citation:
Similar Country Ranking
Country Name Trade (% of GDP)
Luxembourg 381.52%
Hong Kong 353.79%
Singapore 323.52%
San Marino 307.26%
Malta 271.44%
Ireland 239.84%
Slovak Republic 184.42%
Seychelles 178.82%
Belgium 163.01%
Hungary 161.76%
UAE 160.94%
Slovenia 159.03%
Netherlands 156.22%
Lithuania 149.66%
Cyprus 144.82%
Czech Republic 142.76%
Bahrain 142.36%
Estonia 141.81%
Antigua and Barbuda 141.56%
Latvia 121.26%
Switzerland 119.70%
Macao 113.69%
Denmark 109.29%
Brunei 108.51%
Austria 107.78%
Faroe Islands 106.87%
Poland 106.36%
Croatia 104.17%
Northern Mariana Islands 104.06%
Kuwait 98.18%
Sweden 91.16%
Qatar 90.32%
Oman 90.00%
Germany 87.99%
Portugal 86.71%
Panama 84.16%
Barbados 83.69%
Iceland 83.66%
Greece 81.82%
Finland 79.40%
Guam 78.31%
South Korea 77.00%
Bahamas 75.92%
Bermuda 75.86%
Norway 71.04%
Spain 66.78%
Canada 65.43%
France 64.52%
Saudi Arabia 63.66%
United Kingdom 63.40%
Italy 60.11%
Chile 56.87%
Israel 56.77%
New Zealand 54.09%
Uruguay 49.61%
Australia 45.71%
Japan 34.93%
Argentina 32.63%
United States 26.31%
U.S. Trade to GDP Ratio - Historical Data
Year Trade (% of GDP) Annual Change
2019 26.31% -1.18%
2018 27.49% 0.35%
2017 27.14% 0.65%
2016 26.50% -1.24%
2015 27.73% -2.23%
2014 29.96% -0.05%
2013 30.01% -0.56%
2012 30.57% -0.22%
2011 30.79% 2.73%
2010 28.06% 3.42%
2009 24.64% -5.25%
2008 29.89% 1.93%
2007 27.96% 1.06%
2006 26.90% 1.34%
2005 25.56% 1.20%
2004 24.35% 1.88%
2003 22.48% 0.32%
2002 22.15% -0.69%
2001 22.84% -2.20%
2000 25.04% 1.77%
1999 23.27% 0.45%
1998 22.83% -0.60%
1997 23.43% 0.74%
1996 22.69% 0.23%
1995 22.45% 1.40%
1994 21.06% 1.01%
1993 20.04% 0.09%
1992 19.95% 0.16%
1991 19.79% -0.03%
1990 19.82% 0.40%
1989 19.42% 0.34%
1988 19.07% 1.10%
1987 17.97% 1.08%
1986 16.90% 0.29%
1985 16.60% -0.92%
1984 17.52% 0.86%
1983 16.67% -0.87%
1982 17.54% -1.89%
1981 19.43% -0.68%
1980 20.11% 1.73%
1979 18.38% 1.40%
1978 16.97% 0.55%
1977 16.42% 0.37%
1976 16.05% 0.53%
1975 15.52% -0.93%
1974 16.45% 3.37%
1973 13.08% 1.74%
1972 11.34% 0.58%
1971 10.76% 0.00%
1970 10.76% 0.00%